Tips to Prevent and Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Get Screened for Prediabetes and Diabetes

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Find out your diabetes risk score

Knowing your diabetes risk score gives you the knowledge you need to make healthy choices that can prevent type 2 diabetes. You can learn your diabetes risk score by answering 6 simple questions in a diabetes risk test.

Know your blood glucose level

If you think you may have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor to ask for an A1C blood glucose test. 

Tips to Prevent and Manage Type 2 Diabetes

You can prevent and manage type 2 diabetes by following these tips. Select a few of the ideas below to set your health and wellness goals:

  • Make Sleep a Priority. Get at least 7 hours of sleep every night.
  • Eat healthy. Add more fruits and vegetables to your daily meals. Reduce sugar, salt, white grains, foods high in saturated fat, and processed foods. Need food? Call Second Harvest at 1-800-984-3663 or visit the Second Harvest website.
  • Stay Active. Being active has many health benefits. It helps improve your mood and overall health. Find ways to incorporate 30 minutes of movement into your day 5 times a week for a total of 150 minutes of physical activity each week.
  • Stay Hydrated. Choose water over sugary drinks such as sodas, juices, sports drinks, and sweetened coffees and teas. Make water more exciting by adding flavorings, like mint, lemon, or cucumber.
  • Lower your stress level. Take a break from daily stressors with a 10-minute walk, or spend time in nature to relax. When you’re feeling stressed, pause… take 3 deep breaths... and think about something that makes you smile. Need to speak confidentially to a counselor? Call Mental Health Services at 1-800-704-0900, or text the Crisis Textline by texting RENEW to 741741. 
  • Quit All Tobacco Products. The sooner you can quit, the better you’ll feel. Smokers are 30–40 percent more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. For help quitting, call 1-800-NO-BUTTS or visit the California Smokers' Helpline website. There are many FREE resources available to you. You may be eligible for free nicotine patches sent directly to your home.

Diabetes Prevention and Self-Management Classes

Services to help you prevent or manage type 2 diabetes and other health conditions are covered by most types of health insurance, including Medicare and Medi-Cal. Ask your doctor for a referral, or contact the following organizations directly.

Diabetes Prevention Program

If you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes or have been diagnosed with prediabetes, join a local Diabetes Prevention Program to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Santa Clara Valley Medical Center Healthier Living Program

Provides a free, 6-week class series for Valley Medical Center patients on how to better manage diabetes, arthritis, asthma, chronic pain, depression, and other chronic conditions. Call (408) 885-5436 for more information.

Diabetes Care Program by Stanford Health Care

Call (408) 688-9720 to find your nearest location. Offers a personalized approach to diabetes care to help patients manage diabetes over the long term. The Diabetes Care Program is certified by the American Diabetes Association and supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health.

American Diabetes Association (ADA)

Offers local programming for families of children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Core components of Family Link include a family mentor program for newly diagnosed children, social events, and diabetes education. Cost may be covered by health insurance. Scholarships may be available. Some workshops are free. For more information call (510) 654-4499.

Additional Diabetes Resources:


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