Hepatitis B Prevention Program
The Santa Clara County Public Health Department’s Hepatitis B Prevention Program works to address the burden of disease from chronic hepatitis B on Santa Clara County residents.
Hepatitis B is a liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus. There is a safe and effective vaccine to prevent hepatitis B infection.
Hepatitis B can be spread in 3 ways:
- Birth: Hepatitis B can be spread from a woman with chronic hepatitis B to her child at birth.
- Blood: Hepatitis B can be spread through direct contact with contaminated blood, including shared needles and syringes.
- Sex: Hepatitis B can be spread through unprotected sexual contact with an infected person.
Testing For Hepatitis B
Studies have shown that while Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) represent 5% of the total U.S. population, they make up 50% of hepatitis B cases. Nearly 2 in 3 people living with chronic hepatitis B do not know they are infected. Testing for chronic hepatitis B plays an important role in the detection, classification, management and medical care for patients with hepatitis B.
Testing for Hepatitis B is recommended for:
- People born in Asia, Africa, and other regions with moderate or high rates of Hepatitis B
- Unvaccinated people whose parents are from regions with high rates of Hepatitis B
- Anyone having sex with a person infected with Hepatitis B
- People who live with someone with Hepatitis B
- Men who have sexual encounters with other men
- People who inject drugs
- All pregnant women
- People with HIV infection
- People on hemodialysis
- People who receive chemotherapy or other types of immunosuppressive therapy
Effective January 1, 2022, AB 789 requires all primary care providers to offer screening tests for hepatitis B and hepatitis C to adults receiving primary care, to the extent these services are covered under the patient's health insurance, consistent with U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations.
Take a Risk Assessment
Most people with chronic hepatitis B infection appear healthy and do not exhibit any symptoms. You can take a short risk assessment to see if you are at risk for chronic hepatitis B infection. The only way to diagnose hepatitis B is by a blood test.
If you do not have insurance, you can contact the following clinics to ask about free or low-cost screening:
|Asian American Community Involvement (AACI)
2400 Moorpark Avenue, Suite 319
San Jose, CA 95128
Phone: (408) 975-2763
|Pacific Free Clinic
1835 Cunningham Avenue
San Jose, CA 95122
|North East Medical Services
1715 Lundy Avenue
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone: (408) 573-9686
|El Camino Hospital
Registration is required.
Email: [email protected]
Phone: (650) 988-3234
Under the Affordable Care Act, hepatitis B screening and vaccination are covered without cost-sharing under most insurance plans. Ask your doctor about a hepatitis B test. The best way to prevent Hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated. The Hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as a series of 3 shots over a period of 6 months. The entire series is needed for long-term protection.
- Infants and Children
- Students in California
- California law dictates that HBV vaccination is required for school entry into childcare and K-12 education
- Adults: The vaccine is recommended for people living with someone infected with Hepatitis B, travelers to certain countries, and healthcare and public safety workers exposed to blood. People with high-risk sexual behaviors, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and people who have certain medical conditions, including diabetes, should talk to their doctor about getting vaccinated.
- Treatment Tool: Asian Liver Center Chronic Hepatitis B Treatment Decision Tool For Adults